Water supply systems usually need high pressures so as to pump water to longer distances. It is also possible for systems that have water moving in a cycle to lose the pressure after some time. In such a scenario, it will be necessary to install a supplementary mechanism called the booster pump system. Listed here are the various scenarios that need incorporation of booster pumping mechanisms.
When the Area Supplied By the System is Large
A working system of water supply makes use of pipes, valves and gates to direct water to a given location. The pipes along which the water flows contain friction which tends to act in opposing the water flow. Frictional force is usually greatest if the water has a longer distance to cover along the pipes. The implication is that there’s a significant reduction in the pressure of the water. It is, therefore, necessary to have the pressure boosted to deliver the water to the required destinations. This is accomplished by installing booster pumps at certain points in the system.
Getting Water from Very Deep Wells
Some wells from which water is to drawn have a greater than normal depth. Wells that are sunk in arid and semi-arid areas are usually of this nature. Water from such wells usually need high pressure to overcome the force of gravity and deliver it to the ground service for supply. And due to the fact that there may not be sufficient pressure in one pump to accomplish the task, the system will require incorporation of booster pumps along its length to supplement the primary pumps.
Pumping System with a Varied Load
Water supply systems for city and municipal areas normally have a fluctuating demand regime. This is occasioned by the varied Water consumption rates for different people during the day. Fluctuation of the demand for water into peak and off-peak conditions result from this varied consumption. It wouldn’t be cost-effective for the water suppliers to install water pumps for peak supply. A viable alternative is to set up the off-peak supply system and then have it supplemented by the booster pump system during the peak hours. Irrespective of the conditions during operation, such a system can handle the varied loads perfectly.
Pumping and Disposal of Sewage Waste.
There usually exists constant fluctuation in the viscosity of sewage waste handled by the municipal waste management. The higher the viscosity, the higher the pressure required to drive the waste so as to avoid clogging of the system. To take care of the highly viscous flow, a booster pump will have to be installed to supplement the normal system.